Friday, May 01, 2015

Review | "The Salt of the Earth"

Conventional wisdom dictates that photography is inherently non-cinematic. Static where film is kinetic, photography may be beautiful to look at, but it isn't necessarily as involving as cinema can be because it isn't moving.

Conventional wisdom, it turns out, is sometimes wrong.

Case in point, Wim Wenders' mesmerizing new documentary, The Salt of the Earth. Nominated for Best Documentary Feature at this year's Academy Awards, The Salt of the Earth is the story of renowned Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado, a man known the world over for capturing the story of humanity in striking black and white.

Co-directed by Salgado's son, Juliano Ribeiro, The Salt of the Earth is a deeply personal chronicle of one man's lifelong quest to document the story of this earth and the people who make it what it is. From miners to merchants to endangered species, Salgado's warmth and love for his fellow man, and the fellow inhabitants of planet Earth, radiate from each glorious photograph.

Wenders wisely steps back and allows the photographs to speak for themselves. And while a film comprised mostly of photographs may not sound very visually appealing, Wenders has crafted something completely breathtaking and wholly beautiful. Each photograph tells a story, some poignant, some funny, some tragic, each a portrait of a specific moment in time that seems to reverberate through the years. Salgado doesn't need moving images to tell his story, and neither, in turn, does Wenders. Through Salgado's own words and the lyrical eye of his camera, Wenders captures a singular document of our world - with all our joys, tragedies, triumphs, and failures intact. Salgado tackles subjects from the Gulf War (memorably capturing the the burning oil wells of Iraq) to deforestation in South America, telling stories that need to be heard through a series of unforgettable images.

Salgado documents human existence with remarkable sensitivity and profound insight into the mysteries of life, and so too does Wenders. The Salt of the Earth is a tremendous testament from one artist to another, speaking volumes through the art of photography in ways you may not have even realized were possible.

GRADE - ★★★½ (out of four) 

THE SALT OF THE EARTH | Directed by Wim Wenders & Juliano Ribeiro Salgado | Not Rated | Now playing in select cities. Opens today, May 1, at the Manor Twin in Charlotte, NC.

Wednesday, April 29, 2015

On "The Age of Adaline"

From The Dispatch:
The film also suffers from a subpar screenplay, which spends way too much time twisting itself in ridiculous knots to explain the biology behind Adaline’s condition, when it should have just allowed the audience to suspend its disbelief. It’s obviously a somewhat outlandish plot, but by trying to rationalize and explain it, the filmmakers end up pushing the audience further away. 
Click here to read my full review.

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

On "Unfriended"

From The Dispatch:
There is plenty of room for horror in our increasingly connected world (the horror anthology film "V/H/S" featured a Skype segment that managed to be effectively creepy). But once the central idea is established, it loses steam very quickly. A creatively bankrupt product of the Internet generation that lacks any real sense of purpose or innovation, leaving the audience wishing we could just hit CTRL-ALT-DELETE and put us out of our misery.
Click here to read my full review.

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Your Guide to the 2015 RiverRun Film Festival

With over 165 films playing over 11 days at this year's RiverRun International Film Festival in Winston-Salem, NC, it's pretty much impossible to see them all. Thankfully I got a little preview of some of this year's titles, and have created this handy guide to some of this year's highlights.

AMOUR FOU (Jessica Hausner, Austria) | A depressed poet seeks a partner willing to die with him in a murder/suicide pact, having become fed up with the seemingly empty and shallow world around him. Jessica Hausner (whose last film, Lourdes, was my favorite film of 2010) drolly examines an aristocratic world appalled by the democratic reforms sweeping Europe in the wake of the French revolution, highlighting the absurdities of a feudalistic society as pretentious philosopher prattle on about the banalities of every day life, leading them all to a tragic end. Not as symbolically weighty, perhaps, as the magistirial Lourdes, but Amour Fou is a fascinating look at ironic tragedy in the face of grave social injustice, expanding the themes of Lourdes in a surprisingly funny way. (★★★)

ANYWHERE ELSE (Ester Amrami, Israel) | At first, Ester Amrami's Anywhere Else seems like another film about an over privileged college student whining about needing to discover who they truly are. But then, by the time Jewish Noa takes a break from studying abroad in Germany to visit her family in Israel, something opens up and Amrami's film turns into a romantic comedy with a striking sense of humanity. Amrami creates real people rather than caricatures, and directs with a disarming sensitivity that makes up for the film's rather gloomy start. It's a warm hearted film about embracing your roots that never feels cloying or needlessly rebellious. A solid effort on all fronts. (★★★)

THE CHINESE MAYOR (Zhou Hou, China) | The mayor of Datong seeks to return the city to its days of imperial glory by rebuilding its magnificent city walls, even if it means relocating tens of thousands of impoverished citizens and bulldozing thousands of homes. A striking portrait of a politician who will do anything to secure his legacy, and whose strong devotion to the inherent goodness of government leads him on a crusade against government waste and inefficiency (all while driving the city billions of dollars in debt). Admirably even handed, The Chinese Mayor is an engaging look at Chinese politics, and the universal intricacies, peculiarities, and contradictions of politics. (★★★)

FELIX & MEIRA (Maxime Giroux, France) | An Orthodox Jew who feels trapped in her marriage by the restrictions of her faith finds solace in a similarly wounded man who is mourning the death of his father. There are some interesting ideas here, and director Maxime Giroux certainly has a keen visual eye, but the film often feels like a dour, plodding soap opera rather than an in depth exploration of the questions and themes it raises (its finale is especially protracted in an unnecessary way). (★★½)

FIVE STAR (Keith Miller, USA) | I was a big fan of Keith Miller's last film, Welcome to Pine Hill (which appeared on my 2013 top ten list), so with those high hopes I found myself slightly disappointed by his sophomore effort, Five Star. Miller once again uses non-professional actors in the lead roles, focusing on a real life former member of the Bloods who takes a fallen friend's young son under his wing to teach him the ways of the streets. The use of non-professionals worked wonders in Welcome to Pine Hill, but here, with more dialogue and more emotional weight to carry, the effect is somewhat lessened. Still, there is a lived in authenticity to Miller's work that is undeniable, making him a rising talent to watch. (★★½)

HOMELESS (Clay Hassler, USA) | Shot in and around Winston-Salem and Asheboro, NC, and featuring a lead actor from Lexington, Clay Hassler's Homeless is a striking debut feature about a young man's experiences in a homeless shelter. Shot in a real homeless shelter with an actual homeless cast, Homeless has a raw, neo-realist authenticity reminiscent of the work of Ramin Bahrani or Sean Baker. It hums with a powerful energy, lyrically chronicling the plight of society's forgotten overlooked without feeling forced or exploitative. This isn't mere "poverty porn," it's a frank and honest exploration of life on society's outskirts, featuring a strong performance by its young lead.  (★★★½)

JOY OF MAN'S DESIRING (Denis Cote, Canada) | The cinema vérité style of Frederick Wiseman meets Harvard's Sensory Ethnography Lab in Denis Côté's documentary hybrid about life in a factory. Côté doesn't adhere to the long takes of Wiseman, but his observational style of the day to day factory business achieves a similar goal. But instead of merely observing, Côté turns what we're seeing into a kind of quietly rhythmic poetry. Not a typical documentary, Joy of Man's Desiring also features some scripted moments of absurdist dialogue that shake up the film's repetition, highlighting the strange beauty and otherworldliness of the places that create what we most desire. (★★★)

THE LOOK OF SILENCE (Joshua Oppenheimer, Denmark/UK) | Joshua Oppenheimer follows up his explosive documentary, The Act of Killing, with another examination of the cruelty of the military dictatorship of Indonesia through a completely different lens. In Act of Killing Oppenheimer never directly challenged his murderous subjects, allowing them to tell their stories in their own way, in some cases leading a devastating kind of clarity. In The Look of Silence, Oppenheimer takes a Indonesian citizen whose brother was brutally murdered by the military junta for being a suspected communist, and follows him as he confronts his brother's murderers face to face. Feels like a natural extension of Act of Killing without being a retread. The Look of Silence dares to stare into the face of evil, and the result is a chilling portrait of human cruelty and the power of self delusion, but also about the cathartic power of forgiveness. Essential stuff. (★★★½)

STILL THE WATER (Naomi Kawase, Japan) | There is something hauntingly meditative about Naomi Kawase's Still the Water, which follows two teenagers whose discovery of a dead body on a beach leads them to a deeper exploration of their own identities. A deeply lyrical film, marked by delicate quietude, Kawase's film examines the sometimes rapturous, sometimes painful details of growing up, when naïveté is still acceptable, even expected, and the burden of adulthood still an arm's length away. Extraordinary stuff, sensitively directed by Kawase, who coaxes lovely performances from her young cast. (★★★½)

STRAY DOG (Debra Granik, USA) | Sometimes a film comes along that completely restores your faith in humanity. Debra Granik's warmly observant portrait of Ron "Stray Dog" Hall, a biker and Vietnam veteran, is at once a celebration and examination of the American heartland. It's also a subtle yet disarming indictment of how our veterans are often neglected by our government. Yet Hall and his buddies never forget their own, riding across the country to attend funerals, memorial dedications, and supporting each others' families. You'll find no political grandstanding in Stray Dog, no talking heads or interviews, instead Granik merely observes, creating a powerfully rendered meditation on the American family, no matter what form that may take, and the essential goodness of human beings. This is what great documentary filmmaking is all about. (★★★½)

TALES OF THE GRIM SLEEPER (Nick Broomfield, UK) | A serial killer terrorized South Central Los Angeles for nearly 20 years before even being publicly acknowledged by police. Preying on black women, drug addicts, and prostitutes, the killer known as the Grim Sleeper was finally caught in 2010, but as filmmaker Nick Broomfield discovered as he, along with a streetwise guide, scour the streets of South Central LA, there was mountains of evidence in plain view, pointing toward the suspect that could have lead police to the killer decades earlier. A stinging indictment of a system plagued by institutional racism, Tales of the Grim Sleeper isn't your average serial killer film. Broomfield chooses not to focus on the murders themselves and instead focuses on why he wasn't brought to justice sooner. It's a disturbing and vital look at the struggles faced by those overlooked by society, even when a serial killer is picking them off one by one for 25 years. (★★★½)

THIS TIME NEXT YEAR (Farihah Zaman, Jeff Reichert, USA) | Well intentioned documentary about the rebuilding of Long Beach Island has some undeniably moving moments. It's clearly a labor of love on the part of the filmmakers, who have cobbled together a portrait of the resilience of the human spirit in a devastated community. Unfortunately I'm not sure there was enough material here for a feature documentary. It feels a bit like a documentary short stretched out to an hour and a half. The film's final moments, however, are an emotional powerhouse.  (★★½)

THE TRIBE (Miroslav Slaboshpitsky, Ukraine) | Like a Romanian New Wave film as directed by Michael Haneke, Miroslav Slaboshpitsky's The Tribe is an audacious formal experiment wherein characters speak only sign language without any subtitles or narration to prompt the audience as to what is going on. Instead, we are left to read the body language and situations of this harrowing crime drama set in a school for the deaf and mute, where a new student finds himself rising through the ranks of a gang known as The Tribe. Both brilliant and brutal, this is a film of remarkable discipline and power, boldly taking us into a brave new cinematic world, leaving us, a hearing audience, stranded and alienated in a non-hearing world. Extraordinary. (★★★½)

WELCOME TO LEITH (Christopher Walker, USA) | This deeply disturbing documentary chronicles the infamous attempt of white supremacist, Craig Cobb, to buy up all the land and set up the tiny town of Leith, North Dakota as a haven for white supremacy groups. You'd be hard pressed to find a more terrifying film than Welcome to Leith (the use of Mica Levi's unnerving score fromUnder the Skin heightens the effect), which uses interviews with Leith citizens as well as with Cobb and his allies to paint a chilling portrait of domestic terrorism and the sometimes invisible hand of hate right in our own backyard. (★★★½)

WHEN UNDER FIRE: SHOOT BACK (Marc Weise, South Africa) | The quietness of Marc Wiese's documentary, When Under Fire: Shoot Back, is perhaps its most striking aspect. Chronicling a group of photographers known as the "Bang Bang Club," that covered the end of Apartheid in South Africa and the subsequent violent conflict, Wiese's film is somber and respectful, if not always as engaging as one feels it could be. Examines the effects of being surrounded by such human evil on those who task themselves with documenting it in an often chilling way. (★★½)

For a complete schedule of films, visit
For more coverage of RiverRun 2015, check out my Best of the Festival article in The Dispatch.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Review | "Jauja"

As cinematic enigmas go, you would be hard pressed to find one more deliberately obfuscating than Lisandro Alonso's Jauja.

Yet far from hampering one's enjoyment of the film, its seeming impenetrability and its hazy thematic content deepen one's engagement with the work. Part of the beauty of this film lies in its mystery. Alonso doesn't want us to understand what we're watching so much as feel and contemplate it. Jauja is a film that seems to exist outside of time and place. It begins in the 19th century, as a father and daughter join a military caravan searching for the mythical city of Jauja, which, according to South American folklore, is a land of eternal youth and beauty. Like the fabled Fountain of Youth, man have set out in search of Jauja, but none have returned.

Gunnar Dinesen (Viggo Mortensen) is a Danish engineer contracted with the Argentinian military. His 15 year old daughter, Ingeborg (Viilbjørk Malling Agger), is the only woman in a barren land full of men, and as such begins to attract attention, both wanted an unwanted. The group's commanding officer ask's Dinesen's permission to court Ingebog, much to Dinesen's disgust. But Ingeborg isn't interest, turning her affections instead toward a young soldier named Angel (Esteban Bigliardi).

Viilbjørk Malling Agger & Esteban Bigliardi in a scene from Lisandro Alonso's JAUJA.
Courtesy of Cinema Guild.
When Ingeborg and Angel's relationship begins to attract attention and jealousy from his fellow soldiers, they decide to run away together, stealing off quietly in the night. Not prepared to give up his daughter, and afraid for their safety in a wild and dangerous country, Dinesen mounts his horse and rides off into enemy territory in search of the young lovers. There he will face bandits, indians, and ultimately time itself, facing down an enemy man has fought against since the beginning of the world.

Jauja almost feels like some sort of Argentinian art-house reimagining of John Ford's The Searchers, with Mortensen on a kind of metaphysical quest to reclaim his daughter that ultimately becomes something much more. But what exactly is it? That question remains, sometimes frustratingly, up for interpretation. Jauja remains stubbornly confounding right to its haunting conclusion. It exists in a realm where time no longer has any meaning, and Alonso glides through time with a keen eye for atmosphere but absolutely no regard for conventional storytelling techniques. To look for a typical story here is to miss the point. Alonso was inspired by the death of a close friend, and he seems to almost get lost inside the haze of folklore and myth, as Dinesen wanders through the wilderness in a strange riff on the classic Western. He becomes enamored with the timelessness of folklore and legend, yet the film never seems to lose itself, even as we become disoriented, or even intoxicated, by its unusual beauty. A haunting existential work, often perplexing, always fascinating, Jauja is a dazzling experiment that never fully reveals itself, always hiding its meanings and ideas behind long takes and metaphors, but the result is undeniably mesmerizing, and Mortensen is tremendous in the lead role. It allows us to lose ourselves on the path the path to Utopia. We may not know how we got there in the end, but the one thing we know for sure is that the journey was more than worth it.

GRADE - ★★★½ (out of four)

JAUJA | Directed by Lisandro Alonso | Stars Viggo Mortensen, Viilbjørk Malling Agger, Esteban Bigliardi | Not Rated  | In Spanish & Danish with English subtitles | Now playing in select cities.

Friday, March 20, 2015

Review | "Red Army"

Propaganda has always been one of the most important weapons of war. Never was that more true than during the Cold War between the United States and Russia, which was almost exclusively fought by propaganda, as the two countries constantly tried to one up each other with symbolic, non-violent victories like some sort of international dick measuring contest.

Gabe Polsky's new documentary, Red Army, focuses on one of the centerpieces of the Soviet Union's propaganda machine - the Red Army hockey team. One of the apples of Stalin's eye the Red Army team dominated world hockey for years. Yet as the USSR began to decline, so too did the Red Army, affecting their team members in life changing ways.

Red Army details the team's trips abroad, how they were watched over by Soviet agents and allowed to see and experience the West in ways most Soviet citizens never could.

Left to right: Alex Kasatanov, Viktor Tikhonov, Vladislav Tretiak, Igor Larionov, Viacheslav “Slava” Fetisov 
Courtesy of Slava Fetisov/Sony Pictures Classics
It's certainly an interesting topic for a documentary, watching these hockey players go from propaganda pawns to, in some cases, Russian politicians and political opposition to the Communist regime, is the stuff of great drama. Yet Red Army never really manages to find that drama. It feels strangely thrown together and disorganized, as if its interviews weren't prepared to be filmed. His subjects are often answering phone calls or texts, while crew members set up the shot as Polsky is asking questions. His use of dramatic zooms and music cues lends more goofiness than gravity, swooping in on the subjects' faces during tense moments in ways that seem like a documentary parody. Its tonal shifts undercut its narrative momentum, leaving it feeling scattershot and kind of sloppy. This just doesn't feel like a professionally shot documentary.

Which is a shame, because there's certainly a strong film somewhere in here. The hockey players themselves are an undeniably fascinating lot. Their no-nonsense incredulity at some of Polsky's questions indicate that they don't really have time for this silliness. You can see how they would have made formidable opponents on the ice. Unfortunately, I just didn't find the resulting film all that engaging. I don't think Polsky dug deep enough, or managed to get behind the stoic veneers of his subjects. This is Polsky's first feature documentary, and it feels somewhat undisciplined, like the work of an amateur filmmaker. With cleaner editing and a tighter focus, Red Army might have been something special. Instead, it takes a strong subject and renders it toothless and forgettable.

GRADE - ★★ (out of four)

RED ARMY | Directed by Gabe Polsky | Not Rated | In Russian with English subtitles | Now playing in select cities. Opens today, March 20, at the Ballantyne in Charlotte, NC.

Monday, March 16, 2015

On "The Last Five Years"

From The Dispatch:
It's hard to fault Brown, because clearly there is a lot of talent at work here, but "The Last Five Years" truly belongs on a stage, not a screen. It's hard to recommend a film that is just such a pale imitation of its source material. And despite the appealing presence of Kendrick and Jordan, for a more rewarding experience, you'd be much better served by seeking out a local stage company performing the show instead. 
Click here to read my full review.

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Review | "Song of the Sea"

When the 2009 Academy Award nominations were announced, Oscar watchers were left scratching their heads at the inclusion of Irish filmmaker Tomm Moore's The Secret of Kells among the five nominees for Best Animated Feature. It was a film that wasn't really on anyone's radar before that moment, from a relatively unknown distributor, GKIDS, which specializes in foreign animation.

Since then, GKIDS has racked up five additional Oscar nominations for A Cat in Paris, Chico & Rita, Ernest & Celestine, and two nominations this year for The Tale of the Princess Kaguya and Moore's latest film, Song of the Sea. This time, many more Oscar watchers saw Moore coming. While many thought there would only be room for one foreign animated title this year, few thought that both PrincesKaguya and Song of the Sea would make it into the final five, especially at the expense of perceived frontrunner, The LEGO Movie (I had given the edge to the more widely acclaimed Princess Kaguya in my own predictions).

The fact that the Academy found room for both films, however, is heartening, because their nominations ensured a much larger audience than they might otherwise have had. Song of the Sea is an utter delight, a film filled with subtle wonders that continue to reveal themselves upon repeat viewings. It's a deceptively simple story, deeply rooted in Irish folklore, about a young boy named Ben and his mute little sister, Saorise, who turns out to be the the Selkie, an ancient race of seal people who made their home on both land and sea. After their mother, a Selkie herself, had to return to the sea when Saorise was born, their father became determined to save Saorise from a similar fate. Yet Saorise's heart longs for the sea, but as her magic grows weaker from living on land, a powerful witch, determined to rid the world of all feelings to heal an ancient pain, seeks to keep Saorise from returning to the sea, and undoing her spells with her Selkie magic.

It seems simple enough, but the folklore here is actually pretty dense, especially for outsiders not familiar with Irish legends. In fact, at first glance, it seems such a slight confection, but Moore has clearly done his homework. Song of the Sea isn't just a pretty picture. Its hand drawn animation is certainly breathtaking, with Moore's geometric style yielding some of the most beautiful animation to grace the silver screen in recent memory. But beyond the film's glorious style, Song of the Sea is a delicately crafted ode to the power of emotions. In Moore's world, even the most painful of emotions are responsible for who we are, and Song of the Sea embraces them with open arms. While it's essentially a children's story, there's something here for everyone. Adults will certainly marvel at the gorgeous images on display and exploration of Irish legend (I especially appreciated the use of W.B. Yeats' classic poem, "The Stolen Child"). It's still a shame that the Academy couldn't find room for the excellent LEGO Movie among the five nominees for Best Animated Film, I'm glad that Song of the Sea managed to land a nomination. Animation like this what saves us from the increasing homogenization of the computer animated family blockbuster. There is so much artistry at work here, impeccably hand drawn and utterly original. It made me long for the days when films like this were the rule rather than the exception, but coming in 2014, Song of the Sea is a breath of fresh air, as rare and as beautiful as the Selkies it depicts.

GRADE - ★★★ (out of four)

SONG OF THE SEA | Directed by Tomm Moore | Voices of Brendan Gleeson, Fionnula Flanagan | Not rated | Now playing in select cities.

Friday, February 20, 2015

Blu-Ray Review | "101 Dalmatians"

It would be difficult to argue against 101 Dalmatians (1961) being one of Disney's finest animated films. Walt Disney himself sought out the rights for Dodie Smith's children's book of the same name, and the resulting film is one of the most beloved and enduring films in the Disney canon.

It's certainly a charmer; the dogs are some of Disney's most delightful heroes. But the real star here is Cruella De Vil, one of the mouse house's most wickedly clever creations - a chain smoking, fur obsessed one percenter (before such terms had been coined) who was willing to do anything to turn a pack of dalmatian puppies into a fur coat. Such a dastardly villain (she wants to kill and skin puppies!) certainly cemented the film's place in the Disney canon, but the truly ghastly nature of who and what Cruella is helped ground the film in its more realistic modern setting. That immediacy made Cruella all the more terrifying. She doesn't have supernatural powers, she's just pure evil.

Cruella's evil may be what seared the film into the minds of so many (with the help of George Brun's immortal song), but visually it's one of the most striking Disney films of the classic era, with its almost impressionistic pencil drawings and dazzling use of color. 101 Dalmatians was the first Disney film to utilize xerography in its animation, meaning the individual frames no longer had to be hand traced onto separate cells, leaving behind the stray lines left by animators' pencils. This gives the film a unique look, one that would endure in Disney animation until computers replaced the xeroxing process with 1989's The Little Mermaid.

All of this is fascinatingly detailed in the special features on the new Diamond Edition Blu-Ray, which thankfully includes all the features from the Platinum Edition DVD, as well as some mostly minor new extras. It seems as if Disney learned their lesson after the underwhelming Diamond Edition of Sleeping Beauty failed to include any of the old special features from previous editions, and replaced them with some rather lame kid oriented bonus content. While many of the old special features provide history lessons for grown ups, the highlight of the new content is "The Further Adventures of Thunderbolt," which follows the heroic western canine that so enthralled the puppies on TV in the film. While it's unfortunately short lived, it's fun to see more of Thunderbolt. A feature hosted by Disney Channel star Cameron Boyce is mostly perfunctory, but a 1961 featurette called "The Best Doggone Dog in the World" hosted by Walt Disney himself makes for an entertaining time capsule. It provides some insight into what made 101 Dalmatians so special for him. And clearly this was a labor of love, you can feel it in every aspect of the production. While it was remade into a live action version in 1996 starring Glenn Close (a film that, for all its Home Alone style antics, was surprisingly good), nothing can ever beat the original. As always, these Blu-Rays are limited editions, and will be heading back into the infamous Disney vault before you know it, and this is definitely one that belongs in any true Disney fan's collection.

GRADE  - ★★★½ (out of four)

Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Blu-Ray Review | "A Day in the Country"

Jean Renoir may have left his 1936 film, A Day in the Country unfinished, abandoning it to work on 1937's Grand Illusion after a run of bad weather caused a delay in production, but even in its incomplete form it somehow still feels like a complete and satisfying work. Based on a story by Guy de Maupassant (a friend of Renoir's father, painter Auguste Renoir), A Day in the Country, deftly combines his father's idyllic view of country living with de Maupassant's darker fatalism.

It's the story of a bourgeois Parisian family heading out to the country for an afternoon getaway (a pastime of the French upper crust that greatly annoys the provincial locals). Once there, the mother and her lovely daughter (who is engaged to a clueless buffoon at the behest of her family) become the object of admiration for country folk, two of whom invite the ladies for a canoe trip down the river. Along the way, the daughter finds herself drawn to her mustachioed suitor, who will give her an encounter she will remember for the rest of her life.

Renoir masterfully suggests not only the loss of the daughter's innocence (in a truly haunting closeup in which she looks directly into the camera), but also the wistful melancholy of the chance encounters of youth as time inevitably marches on. It may only be 40 minutes long, but Renoir is in top form here. It's hard to imagine this as a longer film, but one can't help but wonder - if A Day in the Country is this good in its truncated form, how major would it have been if Renoir had completed it? It's almost as big a "what if?" as the central question of the film, reflecting on what life could have been when those idyllic moments of the past are gone and cold, hard reality takes their place. We get a glimpse at the film that might have been on the Blu-Ray, which offers Criterion's usual wealth of extras, including outtakes that are longer than the film itself, as well as an insightful interview with Renoir scholar, Christopher Faulkner.

Courtesy of The Criterion Collection.
The new transfer beautifully captures Renoir's lyrical imagery, which in turn evokes the landscape paintings of his father, Auguste. The images are still soft, as one would expect from a film from this time period, but they seem more focused, more robust. The softer focus employed here almost makes the film seem more painterly, as if Renoir were bringing the paintings of his father to life on screen, while delicately skewering their romantic idealism. Renoir's lovely mise-en-scene, and in turn the countryside itself, almost becomes its own character, just as important to the thematic integrity of the film as the characters themselves (if not more so). Here, Renoir is both romantic and realist, incorporating the ideals of both de Maupassant and his father, Auguste, looking with wistful longing at the bygone days of youthful abandon and the often aching reality that follows. It's one of Renoir's most bittersweet works, a film that, just like the country life it depicts, feels beautifully, perfectly incomplete.

GRADE - ★★★½ (out of four)

Special features include:

  • New 2K digital restoration, with uncompressed monaural soundtrack on the Blu-ray 
  • Introduction by director Jean Renoir from 1962 
  • The Road to “A Day in the Country,” a new interview with Renoir scholar Christopher Faulkner about the film’s production 
  • Renoir at Work, a new video essay by Faulkner on Renoir’s methods 
  • Un tournage à la campagne, an eighty-nine-minute 1994 compilation of outtakes from the film 
  • Interview with producer Pierre Braunberger from 1979 Screen tests 
  • New English subtitle translation 
  • PLUS: An essay by film scholar Gilberto Perez
Now available on Blu-Ray and DVD from The Criterion Collection.

Sunday, February 08, 2015

Review | "The Duke of Burgundy"

While mainstream audiences are likely to flock to Fifty Shades of Grey on Valentine's Day, this year, the thinking man's superior alternative is currently playing in limited release in select cities.

Peter Strickland's The Duke of Burgundy is the story of two women, whose unusual relationship is slowly revealed over the course of the film. When we are first introduced to them, they could be a maid and her employee, or they could be something more. But when your film begins with a woman punishing a disobedient maid by urinating in her mouth, you know you're in for something unusual. Unlike E.L. James' inexplicably popular series of erotic novels, however, everything about The Duke of Burgundy is surprisingly tasteful.

Strickland isn't interested in the sexuality of their relationship, in fact there is no nudity at all anywhere in the film. It feels surprisingly non-exploitative given the subject matter. For a film this bold and gutsy, it's unexpectedly tender and measured in its depictions of sadomasochism.

Evelyn (Chiara D'Anna), the younger of the two women is the submissive in the relationship, slave to the objectified whims of her dominant, the schoolmarm-like dominatrix, Cynthia (Sidse Babett Knudsen). Their lives are filled with role playing, a series of commands, tasks, and punishments punctuated by moments of real intimacy when the games are over. Or at least that's the way it seems on the surface. Outside their world of S&;M, Cynthia is a mild mannered naturalist who spends her time studying butterflies and moths, while Evelyn spends her days planning ever more elaborate role playing games and punishments for Cynthia to dole out to her, essentially directing her own domination.

Which begs the question; who is the real dominant here? As Cynthia longs for a more loving, more traditional relationships, Evelyn's demands become more and more extreme, causing Cynthia to become more and more disconnected. It's a riveting and remarkable character study that culminates in a moment of such erotic emotional power that the performance that the performances by Knudsen and D'Anna seem to shake the very ground they stand on. Knudsen's performance is especially affecting, reflecting both deep pain and deep love in a performance of great power and grace as she transitions between the woman she really is and the woman her lover is forcing her to be.

Fifty Shades of Grey has come under fire for being misogynist, a strange criticism given that it was both written and directed by women. But The Duke of Burgundy is the very definition of a feminist film. Featuring a cast of entirely made up of women, there is nary a man in sight with a speaking role. Strickland chooses instead to focus on women, their feelings, their desires, their faces, and ultimately, their sexuality. There hasn't been a film in recent memory to so thoroughly focus on female sexuality, especially two women who really take control of their own pleasure, and don't need men to do it for them. Yet that control is what makes this film so fascinating. Strickland confronts us with questions of sexual power, asking whether we really ever know who is really in control. Do love and desire truly intertwine? Can love built on unequal power truly last?

For a film about sexuality, sex is almost beside the point. Strickland is more interested in sex as power, and by taking men completely out of the equation, he delivers something almost unheard of in modern cinema. The Duke of Burgundy feels like something from another era (Strickland was clearly influenced by Luis Bunuel's Belle de Jour), Strickland's directorial style feels both timeless and innovative, aesthetically thrilling and psychologically daring. It plays with our expectations, of character, of relationships, of sexuality, and gives us a thriller of surprising and unusual depth. There are many layers at work here in The Duke of Burgundy, each more gripping and exciting to contemplate than the last, as it deftly deconstructs the endlessly complex nature of love.

GRADE - ★★★½ (out of four)

THE DUKE OF BURGUNDY | Directed by Peter Strickland | Stars Sidse Babett Knudsen, Chiara D'Anna | Not rated | Now playing in select cities.

Wednesday, February 04, 2015

On The 2015 Oscar Nominated Short Films

My review of this year's Oscar nominated short films was published in The Dispatch today. They're a mixed bag, as usual, but there are some real gems here. Check them out!

Best Animated Short

"Never quite reaches the level of dark humor mixed with pathos that it seems to want to achieve. (C)"

"It is an evocatively rendered and deeply felt work that aims straight for the heart, and hits an unforgettable bullseye. (A)"

"An adorable tale of animal love and devotion, looking at human life through the eyes of the pets that love us the most. (B+)"

"Nothing really new here, but Kove's drolly evocative style elevates the material. (B-)"

"Surprisingly dark, but brutally funny, "A Single Life" may not be the strongest nominee, but its originality is hard to dismiss. (B)"

Best Documentary Short


"An essential testament to the men and women who are fighting to save the men and women who saved us. (A-)"

"A deeply felt and emotionally honest work of art. (A)"

"Strangely mundane given the subject matter, "Our Curse" attempts to examine how the couple copes with the stress, but the static shots of them on a couch grind the film to a halt and offer little insight into the situation. (C-)"

"There are moments of strange beauty, but it just doesn't reach the philosophical heights that it seems to be striving for. (C)"

"Beautifully shot, even if the 19 minute running time hampers the film from hashing out its more interesting ideas. (C+)"

Best Live Action Short

"The final result feels underwhelming, with the character motivations feeling underdeveloped. (C)"

"A short, sweet, and completely winning tale of friendship and the things parents will do for the love of their children that is charming in every way. (B+)"

"An oddly affecting critique of a culture that has become too obsessed with falsehood at the expense of engaging with the real world around us. (A)"

"It's a pretty straightforward film, handsomely shot, but the real star here is Nissa Kashani's soulful performance as Parvaneh. (B)"

"Kirkby keeps the film about the performances, making the most out of Hawkins' face, allowing the subtleties of her performance to carry what could have been a very static film. But he overplays his hand in the end, undercutting the film's haunting denouement with a song choice that just doesn't work. (C+)"

Click here to read my full review in The Dispatch.

Thursday, January 29, 2015

On "The Imitation Game"

From The Dispatch:
Tyldum attempts to frame the film as some sort of mystery, intercutting the World War II story with the later investigation into Turing's sexuality. It's all very tastefully done, but it's too tasteful, glossing over Turing's suicide (by poison apple, no less) and his inner struggles in an attempt to make the film an inspiring "overcoming adversity" biopic.
Click here to read my full review.

Friday, January 23, 2015

On "Paddington"

From The Dispatch:
It's an endlessly charming film that truly has something for everyone. There is a kind of timeless quality to it, with a delightfully childlike view of the world that doesn't mistake innocence for childishness. This is a warm and wonderful film, a disarmingly moving evocation of childhood fears and dreams brought to life with a winning sense of kindness and good humor. 
Click here to read my full review.

Wednesday, January 14, 2015

On "American Sniper"

From The Dispatch:
With his trademark minimalism and steely simplicity, Eastwood guides “American Sniper” with a sure and steady hand. Here is one American icon paying tribute to another, a symbol of masculinity exploring the essence of what it means to be a man. It’s truly extraordinary stuff.
Click here to read my full review.